Gold nanoparticles supported on ceria{110} crystal planes were more reactive than on ceria{111} and {100} in the oxidative dehydrogenation of alcohols. Kinetic analysis and a Hammett plot suggest that hydride transfer is involved, and the cationic gold is catalytically active.

Ceria showed excellent catalytic activity in the hydrolysis of 4-methyl-1,3-dioxane to 1,3-butanediol in 95% yield and in the one-pot synthesis of 1,3-butanediol from propylene and formaldehyde via Prins condensation and hydrolysis reactions in an overall yield of 60%. In-depth investigations revealed that ceria is a water-tolerant Lewis acid catalyst, which has seldom been reported previously. The ceria catalysts showed rather unusual high activity in hydrolysis, with a turnover number (TON) of

Valorization of native birch wood lignin into monomeric phenols over nickel-based catalysts has been studied. High chemoselectivity to aromatic products was achieved by using Ni-based catalysts and common alcohols as solvents. The results show that lignin can be selectively cleaved into propylguaiacol and propylsyringol with total selectivity >90% at a lignin conversion of about 50%. Alcohols, such as methanol, ethanol and ethylene glycol, are suitable solvents for lignin conversion. Analyses

The sensing of electrons confined inside surface defect sites has been demonstrated. Tetracyanoethylene was employed as a single-electron acceptor to characterize the reduction of fully oxidized MoO3. Electron transfer deposits negative charge on closely contacted gold nanoparticles on the surface, which explains the high catalytic activity in the aerobic oxidation of alcohols.

We report a strategy for the catalytic conversion of lignosulfonate into phenols over heterogeneous nickel catalysts. Aryl–alkyl bonds (C–O–C) and hydroxyl groups (–OH) are hydrogenated to phenols and alkanes, respectively, without disturbing the arenes. The catalyst is based on a naturally abundant element, and is recyclable and reusable.

Design, synthesis and characterization of nanosized Mo-V-O oxides and their catalytic applications in C-H bond activation reactions

Synthesis of nanostructured molybdenum trioxides and their catalytic performance in carbon-carbon coupling reactions

Catalytic conversion of glycerol over V-P-O catalysts

A catalyst with nanosized FeOX domains embedded in the surface of FeVO4 phase is active for oxidative dehydration of glycerol to acrolein and acrylic acid

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